Maio 2018 - Modal Verbs

Modal Verbs

O uso dos verbos Modais, Modal Verbs, pode ser bem complicado para alguns alunos. Preparamos um guia rápido para você entender as regras básicas de como utilizá-los.

Habilidade – poder no sentido de ser capaz de

Can do something / Able to do something 

Someone has an ability to do something.

Peter can speak German very well.
Bia is able to play the drums.

Possibility – poder no sentido de possibilidade 

Could do something/ Might do something / May do something / Can do something

It's possible for someone to do something.

Ann could help you this afternoon.
Alice might have gone to the bank.
We may know the answers. 
She can come to the party next week. 

Obligation – ter que, precisar, ou dever fazer alguma coisa

Have to do something

It's a daily requirement of a job or some other common task.

John has to help customers at the store.
I have to get up early on Saturdays.

Need to do something

It's important to do something.

I need to get some milk and eggs for dinner.
She needs to do her homework tonight.

Must do something

It's personally important for someone to do something.

I must leave soon because the train leaves in one hour.
I must study if I want to get an A.

Prohibition – não deve fazer alguma coisa, no sentido de ser proibido

Mustn't do something

It's forbidden for someone to do something.

Children mustn't go into this room.
Motorcycles mustn't be ridden on the sidewalks. 

Non-necessity – não tem que fazer alguma coisa, não é necessário

Don't have to do something / Don't need to do something

It isn't necessary for someone to do something, but it is also possible.

You don't have to take this class, but it's interesting.
She doesn't have to work on Sundays, but she does sometimes.

Advisability – deveria, no sentido de aconselhamento

Should do something / Ought to do something / Had better do something

It's a good idea for someone to do something. It's someone's suggestion to someone.

You ought to see a doctor.
Jennifer should work harder.
Peter had better hurry up.

Shouldn't do something – não deveria, no sentido de aconselhar

It isn't a good idea for someone to do something.

You shouldn't work so hard.
They shouldn't ask questions during the presentation.